Journey To Mars – Is there life on Mars?
Nearly 400 million years ago, an eruption caused a rock on Mars. Fifty million years later, due to a meteorite, the rock became a small fragment. Some water in the rock also enters. Ela Mars was hit by an asteroid rocking 1.6 million years ago. As a result, the rocks were spread in space. Until 13 thousand years ago, a weight of 2 kilograms was in the sun orbit. Then it came close to the world. Pieces hit Antarctic glacier. In 13000 years it reached the Allan Hill area in Antarctica and was buried within the ice. In 1984, this meteorite was discovered, its name was ALH84001. The history that we said was discovered by many people in conformity with it.
A team of NASA, led by David Mac, said in a recent past that there were signs that the existence of life on the stone may have been found. Some organic molecules of naphthalene have been found on the stone (which is used in the mothball). Due to the bacterial erosion, the type of material is created. Any bacteria emitted in the world such as iron oxide (magnetic properties) emanates from the meteorites. It also contains iron sulfide, as some inhaler bacteria produce. There are some carbonate balls in the meteorite, which are made of materials that are made from living matter. On the other hand, all bacteria in the world are 100 times larger than this object. There may be some small fossils (one-millimeter one-sized-one-sized size) in this meteorite, nanobacteria are of this size.
In 1961 another meteorite was found so that there seems to be a sign of life. But in a few days, it is found that they are ashes of ashes. It is seen that the signs of life are part of the earth. This may be the case for Antarctica Meteors. The bacteria that appear here may be part of the Earth. In 1976, Viking failed to find a bacterium in Mars. But maybe it does not exist in life-Mars has reached someplace. Or maybe billions of years ago, the existence of Mars bacteria existed, now it is not.
If you look at the sky in the night, you will see a red planet burning in bright light. That’s good Until the end of the last century, the title of the Good News was made. A US space station named after Mars and its photos were shown in newspapers and television. Since the first time Mars was seen thousands of years ago, good people have been amazed. Since the discovery of telescopes, we have been able to observe the soil of Mars in a broad way.
Almost 100 years ago, Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli observed that the soil of Mars has cut many scars, calling them the canal or canal of Mars. In case is translated into canal many times in English. From this many people think that these artificial waterways are created by intelligent mangals. Based on this, HG Wells wrote his famous novel, The War of the Worlds, which is the story of the discovery of the earth by the mangals.
American astronomer Percival Lowell, who was a strong supporter of intelligent Maulana theory, who became famous about the ninth planet’s presence outside Neptune’s orbit. By 1890, Lowell claimed that he could see the Shay Shay Canal on Mars and they were being made regularly. Surprisingly, other astronomers at that time could not see those canals, even though they did not even see Lowell’s own telescope. In time, more advanced telescopes were discovered and it is possible to observe Mars soil and atmosphere more accurately. It is seen that there are large volcanoes and deep valleys on Mars.
In the 1960s and 70s, many space missions were sent to Mars. Some of them turn around Mars and send pictures of the background behind Mars and some (e.g., Vikings) send Mars to Mars and send detailed information about the soil and atmosphere. From these facts, Lowell was far away from the truth. There is no liquid water in the soil of Mars or the atmosphere. There are no mangals, no canals.
Mars and Earth
Although there is some information available, which makes curiosity about Mars and its history interesting. Mars has some similarities with Earth compared to other planets. It has its atmosphere and its temperature is not very ‘extreme’. It travels from 1280C to equator at 170 ° C during the day. One day of Mars almost like us a day. Like Earth, there are many seasons, because it rotates on the axis.
Moreover, Mars has water. Although most of them are ice in the ground or Polar Regions. Many years ago, the water flowing in the valley has created deep valleys and many hills, many elements have been created several millions of years ago. Mars has become an ideal place to study solar systems.
Now the Mars airplane is very thin. At one time it was like our planet. If we understand how Mars came in this condition, then the future of our planet can be assumed.
Does life exist on Mars?
When the first life was born on earth, there was a warm and wet place in the well. But then life was born there? Surprisingly some of Mars’s life exists in Antarctica. In an experimental meteorite found in the ice, US scientist David Mike and his colleagues found some elements related to primitive life (Science News, JM, Nov-Dec 1996). From the elements of the meteor, it seems that it is from Mars.
Some scientists carry on this theory. Life was born on Mars, and some parts of it were fossils in the mountains. Millions of years ago a huge meteor shocked Mars. As a result of that explosion, a small stone with bio-fossils came out of the scatter. The stone was shattered by the earth in the space of the stone. If that is true, then it will be believed that the first life was created on Mars or any other planet, and that came to Earth on the tattoo.
Journey to Mars
The Pathfinder’s Mars mission is one of NASA’s plan to send a space station to Mars, one of NASA’s plans to send it to Mars. From these, we can judge or cancel theories of goodness.
Pathfinder Space Station left in December 1996 and reached Mars in July 1997. It’s named in the place already fixed. The difference with the previous Vikings is that there was an ongoing robot in the name of Sojourn. There is a running platform shaped toe leaf with six wheelers. It runs on solar energy during the day and in the night battery, It’s just 1 centimeter per second. It has the camera and other sensors. Turning around the spacecraft, it collects information.
Earth scientists control the movement on the basis of the photo sent by the film. Seeing these pictures, the robot is sent to the interesting places in the area and it is seen that it does not face any obstacles. The robot is intelligent in this sense because it can decide without the direction of the world when a barrier is to be avoided and when to fall. It is so designed that when there is a mistake, it works on the reflex action.
Pathfinder’s campaign, in which the region sends a few pictures of the geography of the region known as Jaanati (JM, Jul-Aug 1997). This visit also gathers some important information about the planets and the atmosphere. It will take many years to verify, then it will be understood, this information is not consistent with our perceptions of the past and the future of Mars and the Earth, or vice versa.
NASA’s next space station as Mars Global Surveyor has reached Mars. Like Pathfinder, it will not land on Mars. Instead, it will circulate Mars about 250 kilometers above the surface of Mars and send information about Mars’s soil and atmosphere. It will be the pole radiation, that is, its orbit will surround the two poles. As a result of the circular route, it will fly over different regions of Mars (what would it fly on the orbit of the equator?). When sent to Mars in the future from Mars sent to the Global Surveyor, it will be decided where to go. According to NASA’s idea, by 2025 people may be able to keep their feet on Mars soil.
Other Mars Expedition
On March 5, 2006, the Mars Global Surveyor lost contact with the world, NASA tried to restore relations until January 28, 2007. But no profit.
Mars ODC and Mars Express
In 2001, NASA’s Mars Odyssey Orbiter was named Mars. Its goal was to collect information about water and volcanic eruptions in present and past Mars using spectrometer and image. In 2002, it was found that using the gamma-ray spectrometer and neutron spectrometer found a lot of hydrogen, which means that there is aquatic ice up to 3 meters of soil in the 60-degree latitudes of the South Pole from Mars.
On June 2, 2003, the European Space Agency’s Mars Express started the journey from Cascodrum, Bukanu, to Mars. It was in the Mercedes-Benz Orbiter and the Beagle to get to the ground. There was no arrangement for the movement that was going to land. There were a clay litter and a little robot with it, which can analyze the soil below the dusty surface accurately.
Orbiter and Beagle Two entered the Mars Orbiter on 25 December 2003. But Beagle 2 could not be contacted. Orbiter ensures the presence of water ice and carbon dioxide in the South Pole of the planet. Before NASA confirmed its presence in the North Pole.
MER and Phoenix
NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Mission (MER) is an ongoing robot-driven space mission. There are two places, 1) Spirits and 2) Aparochunti. Their work is known about the well-being of Mars. It started in 2003, the goal was to know about Mars’s soil and geology.
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
It goes to a versatile space station. Its goal is to monitor Mars from the orbit. It costs $ 720 million to build this voyage. It was on 12 August 2005 and reached Mars orbit on 10 March 2006. Earlier it was much better than the ones sent to Mars. Sharing information with them is much easier and faster. Guide to how the MRO will be able to give the soil and weather regularly from the next day on how to travel regularly.
Rosetta and Don Sweeney
The ESA Rosette space mission was a comet. On February 25, 2007, it flies between 250 kilometers of Mars. Its arrangement was to reduce its speed and change direction. NASA’s Dawn uses Mars Gravity to change the motion and direction. However, it did not play a very significant role in bringing the information.
NASA Mars Science Research Center Curiosity sent this vehicle on 26 November 2011. The devices in which it was intended, were evaluated on the basis of the original and current situation of Mars and whether they were suitable to live. It is named on Tuesday, August 6, 2012, between Peace Valley and Mount Sharp of Mars.
NASA Maven is an orbit mission, aimed at collecting information about Mars’s atmosphere. It will also serve as a relay satellite for all those who go to Mars in the coming days. Maven started its journey on November 18, 2013, and reached on September 22, 2014.
Mars-orbiting Mars orbit is a spacecraft that is moving in the orbit of Mars from September 24, 2014. This vehicle was sent to the space station of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on 5 November 2013. It is a ‘technology demonstrator’ campaign – to develop the design, planning, management and operation of suitable vehicles suitable for the movement of planets from the target planet. Although not fulfilling the scientific goals, it is necessary to know, it has five instruments to collect information about Mars.
The spacecraft was launched from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota, on the 9th-8th morning, on November 5, 2013, on November 5, 2013. PSLV Rocket C25 was used for this. The launch window was about 20 days long and it started on 28 October 2013. This vehicle was in orbit around 1 month, where he left Earth’s orbit on November 30, 2013, to prepare some necessary preparation to travel to Mars. PSLV Rocket C25 was used for this. The launch window was about 20 days long and it started on 28 October 2013. This vehicle was in orbit around 1 month, where he left Earth’s orbit on November 30, 2013, to prepare some necessary preparation to travel to Mars. After traveling for 298 days, on September 24, 2014, it entered Mars’s orbit.
This is India’s first violent campaign. ISRO is the fourth space agency to reach Mars. Earlier, the Soviet Space Program, NASA, and European Space Agency reached. India was the first country to reach Mars orbit in its first attempt, and the first Asian country to reach Mars orbit. The space station is currently being monitored by the Isra Telemetry Tracking and Command Network, the Spacecraft Control Center, in Bangalore. Helping him in the Indian Deep Space Network Antenna of Indian Deep Space Network.