In 1766, John Dalton was born in England, in a village called Egelsfield. His first study of rural school began. His talent sparked from his early childhood. It is said that when he was in school, he had mastered two difficult languages, Greek and Latin. Children were attracted to science and mathematics in a terrible way. So after completing school, Dalton was admitted to the College for higher education in science. There was also a signature of credit. Finally, after receiving MSc degree in science, he joined Manchester University as a professor. From then on he started his research. He was only twenty-five years old.
In ancient times, Indian philosopher Maharshi Kanad first proclaimed ‘Kanabad’ or atomic science. He assumed that every substance was made of very subtle particle particles. Greek Democritus also had the same opinion. Yet they are not exactly right to say science. Because they were essentially philosophers. Although the origin of science from philosophy, both Kanada, Democritus, did not emphasize on the inert material. The discussion of science was absolutely minor. In each of them, the text of the sentence was won by the imagination. Judging by that direction, John Dalton could be interpreted as the pioneer of real nuclear.
John Dalton’s basic research was first published by Manchester University. At the time, his research was on the subject of various gases. In 1800, he published gas sources of energy and part of the gas pressure formula. With the release of these two formulas, a response was made between the scientists. Many scientists came forward that day to verify the sources of Dalton. At the end, they all accepted the formulas and Dalton were famous as a prominent chemistry scientist. From this point of view, chemistry science gained the doctrine of many scientists other than Dalton and nourished their own food.
After the discovery of the gas-line formula, Dalton’s mind came to mind about the structure of the substance. From that thought, the famous doctrine of ‘atomism’ called Dalton was born soon after. According to his theory, every basic substance consists of a small number of small and uninterruptible particles. The end particles are atoms or atoms. This particle cannot be broken or cracked. The atoms of each basic substance are one in weight and in religion, but atoms of various basic substances have their weight and religion differently. Elements of the basic substances can be added to simple and precise proportion.
Dalton, however, called the ultimate particle of the atomic particle of any substance or atomic particle as the atom. Here was a big flaw in his imagination. That crossover was revised a lot later. Without it, the previous imagination is not accepting modern atomic science.
Apart from the above sources and doctrines of Dalton, there are many more discoveries. He performed much valuable information by researching atomic signals and atomic weight. In 1811 he discovered that there was a way to dilute the gas. He was the first to declare that all the gases in high pressure and lower temperatures can be converted into liquids. Dalton achieved a considerable reputation as a scientist and professor in his lifetime. He became known as one of the best scientists in the world. He received many honors and awards in life. The famous Royal Society of London, in 1826, gave the gold medal in recognition of his talent.
After the life-long teaching and research, in 1844, this great scientist gave up breathing.