Jabir Ibn Haiyan
Jabir Ibn Haiyan Al-Ajdi As Sufi Al-Omabi was a resident of the southern part of Arabia. Although the physician was a child of the father, due to the contemporary political situation, Umayyad caliph was facing great tribulation during his father’s death. After his father’s death, he returned to his home in south Arabia after living in Kufa. Even after studying at the local school, he got the chance to become a student of Yemen’s famous mathematician Harbi al-Humari, after signing the credentials in mathematics. He also earned etiquette in medicine like his father.
In view of the close relationship of Imam Zafar As Sadiq, he was well-versed in science, especially in chemistry. During the reign of Khalifa Harun-ar-Rashid, he lived in Baghdad and patronized the Khalifah and devoted himself to the study of knowledge and science. But living in Baghdad and the taste of the royal blessing of the Abbasids could not be enjoyed much for him. When the accusation of conspiracy against the Burmese was raised against him by the Abbasid Wazir, he escaped from Baghdad and went to Kufa and settled there permanently. During his stay in Kufa, he became very special in the study of chemistry. In this context, a chemistry laboratory was established in Kufa. Muslim historians called the laboratory as the world’s first chemical niger. However, there is no present in the laboratory.
He had direct knowledge in preparing materials for the chemical process. In the history of the world, he invented the first method to practice the basic processes of chemistry in the scientific method. He initiated the chemical process of distillation, uplift, filtration, mixing, crystallization, incineration, evaporation and dissolving. He wrote books about steel making, purifying of metals, liquid evaporation, textile and skin dyeing, waterproof fabrics and iron rust resistant varnishes, hair clippers, etc. Instead of gold, the discovery of a bright color ink preparation method from Marcasite is one of his achievements. He invented the method of making salt by mixing manganese dioxide with glass, sulfur with alkali, and mixed with the lever of sulfur and milk of sulfur, aquatic lotus, potash and soda, and acid with them. Citric acid, arsenic, antimony, silver-nitrate,
Along with chemistry, he contributed to medicine, minerals, especially stones, philosophy, war geometry, astronomy, etc. He wrote about 2,000 books. Among these, the number of medical books is about 500. His al-Jahr or poison book occupies a special place in the list of basic books. He is still respected for the contribution of chemistry in the field of scholarship, but he is still respected for all.